Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen tackles the major questions concerning luckegalitarianism, providing deep, penetrating and original discussion ofrecent academic discourses on distributive justice as well as responsesto some of the main objections in the literature. He offers a new answerto the "Why equality?" and "Equality of what?" questions, and provides arobust luck egalitarian response to the recent criticisms of luckegalitarianism by social relations egalitarians. Thissystematic, theoretical introduction illustrates the broader picture ofdistributive justice and enables the reader to understand the coreintuitions underlying, or conflicting with, luck egalitarianism.