Category: History Of Science

One Long Argument : Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought
Evolutionary theory ranks as one of the most powerful concepts of modern civilization. Its effects on our view of life have been wide and deep. One of the most world-shaking books ever published, Charles Darwin's On the...

07.07.2013

The Formalisms of Quantum Mechanics : An Introduction
These lecture notes present a concise and introductory, yet as far as possible coherent, view of the main formalizations of quantum mechanics and of quantum field theories, their interrelations and their theoretical...

03.02.2017

Organic Chemistry : An Intermediate Text
Ideal for those who have previously studies organic chemistry but not in great depth and with little exposure to organic chemistry in a formal sense. This text aims to bridge the gap between introductory-level instruction and...

29.06.2012

Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 13, Mining
The fifth volume of Dr Needham's immense undertaking covers the subjects of chemistry and chemical technology. This, the thirteenth part of the volume, is the first history of Chinese mining to appear in a western language....

04.10.2013

A Source Book in Animal Biology
The two main aims of this book are to increase the general availability of classical contributions to animal biology and to present the development of thought in this field in the words of those who produced it. The first of...

16.02.2012

A Source Book in Geology, 1400-1900

13.08.2012

The Hunt for Vulcan : How Albert Einstein Destroyed a Planet and Deciphered the Universe
In 1859, the brilliant scientist Urbain LeVerrier discovered that the planet Mercury has a wobble, that its orbit shifts over time. His explanation was that there had to be an unseen planet circling even closer to the sun. He...

07.11.2017

Questioning the Foundations of Physics : Which of Our Fundamental Assumptions Are Wrong?
The essays in this book look at way in which the fundaments of physics might need to be changed in order to make progress towards a unified theory. They are based on the prize-winning essays submitted to the FQXi essay...

11.03.2015

From A Grain Of Salt To The Ribosome: The History Of Crystallography As Seen Through The Lens Of The Nobel Prize
This book is published to celebrate the International Year of Crystallography 2014, as proclaimed by the United Nations. The year has been chosen as the International Year of Crystallography since it was 100 years ago that the...

04.10.2013

The Search for the Giant Squid
The most mysterious and elusive of all sea creatures, the giant squid--at least sixty feet long and weighing nearly a ton--is also one of the largest. Yet for all its magnificent size and threatening undersea presence,...

20.03.2014

Einstein's Universe : Gravity at Work and Play
In his conversational style, Anthony Zee examines the nature of gravity and its role in our universe. Zee starts from a birthday gift that Albert Einstein received on his seventy-sixth birthday that worked on the main principle...

26.09.2015

Networking the World, 1794-2000
In the age of satellites and the Internet, worldwide communication has become increasingly unified amid overblown claims about the redemptive possibilities of international networks. But this rhetoric is hardly new. As Armand...

13.11.2015

Inward Bound : Of Matter and Forces in the Physical World
The history of physics since the discovery of X-rays would be too simplistic a description of this book. Certainly it covers the historical period from the late nineteenth century to the present day, but the book attempts to...

30.01.2016

Inventing Atmospheric Science : Bjerknes, Rossby, Wexler, and the Foundations of Modern Meteorology
"The goal of meteorology is to portray everything atmospheric, everywhere, always," declared John Bellamy and Harry Wexler in 1960, soon after the successful launch of TIROS 1, the first weather satellite. Throughout...

26.02.2016

The Correspondence of Charles Darwin: Volume 7, 1858-1859
The letters in this volume cover two of the most momentous years in Darwin's life. Begun in 1856 and the fruit of twenty years of study and reflection, Darwin's manuscript on the species question was a little more than...

19.11.2012

The Invisible Universe : The Story of Radio Astronomy
Hidden from human view, accessible only to sensitive receivers attached to huge radio telescopes, the invisible universe beyond our senses continues to fascinate and intrigue our imaginations. Closer to home, in the Milky Way...

13.10.2014

The Art of Science : A Natural History of Ideas
Science is about discovery, a journey towards knowledge. With authors as diverse as Galileo and Lewis Carroll, the extracts featured in this anthology span centuries and continents; they include startling revelations that...

01.05.2013

A Short History of Nearly Everything
A Short History of Nearly Everything is Bill Bryson's quest to find out everything that has happened from the Big Bang to the rise of civilization - how we got from there, being nothing at all, to here, being us. His...

21.07.2016

The Story Of Innovation : How Yesterday's Discoveries Lead to Tomorrow's Breakthroughs
From the structure of the atom to the jet engine, from the world's fossil record to the theory of relativity: here are the critical breakthroughs in technology, the paradigm shifts that led to modern science, and the...

06.05.2017

The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction
The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries witnessed such fervent investigations of the natural world that the period has been called the 'Scientific Revolution.' New ideas and discoveries not only redefined what human...

26.08.2017

Biography of a Germ
Arno Karlen, author of Man and Microbes, focuses on a single bacterium in Biography of a Germ, giving us an intimate view of a life that has been shaped by and is in turn transforming our own. Borrelia burgdorferi is the germ...

22.11.2015

Natural History of Delmarva Dragonflies and Damselflies
This book provides the first comprehensive coverage of the dragonflies and damselflies of the Delmarva Peninsula. It includes color photographs of all 129 species known to occur in the region. Each species serves as a prompt for...

08.12.2015

Selections from Darwin's the Origin of Species : The Shape of the Argument
The present edition contains selections from Darwin's Origin of Species that attempt to present the principal lines of argument, without becoming bogged down in details. It also includes notes and other remarks designed to...

02.08.2013

The Story of Astronomy
From the ancient origins of astronomy to the Copernican revolution, and from Galileo to Hawking's research into black holes, The Story of Astronomy charts the discoveries of some of the greatest minds in human history, and...

02.12.2016

The Correspondence of Charles Darwin: Volume 2, 1837-1843
This is the second volume of the complete edition of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin. For the first time full authoritative texts of Darwin's letters are available, edited according to modern textual editorial...

23.08.2013

The Story of Chemistry
The Story of Chemistry shows how the study of chemistry came into being following early exploitation of chemistry that were purely practical, e.g. smelting, alloys, dyeing, cooking, glazing pottery and paints. Hammurabi produced...

30.01.2014

Effective Spacetime : Understanding Emergence in Effective Field Theory and Quantum Gravity
This book discusses the notion that quantum gravity may represent the "breakdown" of spacetime at extremely high energy scales. If spacetime does not exist at the fundamental level, then it has to be considered...

18.11.2012

Nobel Prizes And Notable Discoveries
This is the third book in a series presenting Nobel Prizes in the life sciences using the remarkably rich archives of nominations and reviews which are kept secret for 50 years after the awards have been made. The two previous...

02.05.2014

Hormones, Heredity and Race : Spectacular Failure in Interwar Vienna
Early in the twentieth century, arguments about ""nature"" and ""nurture"" pitted a rigid genetic determinism against the idea that genes were flexible and open to environmental change....

29.07.2014

Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs : The Astounding Interconnectedness of the Universe
66 million years ago, a ten-mile-wide object from outer space hurtled into the Earth at incredible speed. The impact annihilated the dinosaurs, along with three-quarters of the other species on the planet. But what if this...

16.04.2016

The Correspondence of Charles Darwin: Volume 1, 1821-1836
This volume inaugurates a complete edition of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin. For the first time full authoritative texts of Darwin's letters are available, edited according to modern textual editorial principles and...

29.05.2015

Darwin's Fishes : An Encyclopedia of Ichthyology, Ecology, and Evolution
In Darwin's Fishes, Daniel Pauly presents an encyclopaedia of ichthyology, ecology and evolution, based upon everything that Charles Darwin ever wrote about fish. Entries are arranged alphabetically and can be about, for...

17.01.2016

Reactions : The private life of atoms
Peter Atkins captures the heart of chemistry in this book, through an innovative, closely integrated design of images and text, and his characteristically clear, precise, and economical exposition. Explaining the processes...

07.12.2013

The Infinity Puzzle : Quantum Field Theory and the Hunt for an Orderly Universe
Speculation is rife that by 2012 the elusive Higgs boson will be found at the Large Hadron Collider. If found, the Higgs boson would help explain why everything has mass. But there's more at stake,what we're really...

10.04.2015

Einstein's Miraculous Year : Five Papers That Changed the Face of Physics
After 1905, Einstein's miraculous year, physics would never be the same again. In those twelve months, Einstein shattered many cherished scientific beliefs with five extraordinary papers that would establish him as the...

24.01.2015

Visions of Cell Biology : Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"
Although modern cell biology is often considered to have arisen following World War II in tandem with certain technological and methodological advances in particular, the electron microscope and cell fractionation its origins...

27.08.2013

Controversy and Consensus: Nuclear Beta Decay 1911-1934
In 1920s, a long-lasting controversy on the interpretation of nuclear beta spectrum arose between Lise Meitner and Charles Drummond Ellis. This controversy, and the reactions from the contending parties when it was settled,...

25.07.2012

The Pluto Files : The Rise and Fall of America's Favorite Planet
In August 2006, the International Astronomical Union voted Pluto out of planethood. Far from the sun, tiny, and eccentric in orbit, it's a wonder Pluto has any fans. Yet during the mounting debate over Pluto's status,...

07.10.2016

Mask of the Sun - The Science, History and Forgotten Lore of Eclipses
What do Virginia Woolf, the rotation of hurricanes, Babylonian kings and Einstein's General Theory Relativity all have in common? Eclipses. Always spectacular and, today, precisely predicable, eclipses have allowed us to...

13.01.2017

Life's Greatest Secret : The Race to Crack the Genetic Code
Shortlisted for the Royal Society Winton Prize for Science BooksLife's Greatest Secret is the story of the discovery and cracking of the genetic code. This great scientific breakthrough has had far-reaching consequences...

16.06.2017

The Theory of Almost Everything : The Standard Model, the Unsung Triumph of Modern Physics
There are two scientific theories that, taken together, explain the entire universe. The first, which describes the force of gravity, is widely known: Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. But the theory that explains...

07.12.2014

The Computer from Pascal to von Neumann
In 1942, Lt. Herman H. Goldstine, a former mathematics professor, was stationed at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. It was there that he assisted in the creation of the ENIAC, the...

17.12.2015

Diamonds : An Early History of the King of Gems
This richly illustrated history of diamonds illuminates myriad facets of the "king of gems," including a cast of larger-than-life characters such as Alexander the Great, the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, and East India...

12.05.2016

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney : The First 200 Years
There is much more to the Garden than the living collection on open air display. This beautiful hardcover book provides a fascinating insight into the rich and colourful history of the Garden through intriguing stories and over...

27.04.2016

Black Hole : How an Idea Abandoned by Newtonians, Hated by Einstein, and Gambled on by Hawking Became Loved
The contentious history of the idea of the black hole-the most fascinating and bizarre celestial object in the heavens For more than half a century, physicists and astronomers engaged in heated dispute over the possibility of...

17.02.2016

Ice Ages : Solving the Mystery
This book tells the exciting story of the ice ages--what they were like, why they occurred, and when the next one is due. The solution to the ice age mystery originated when the National Science Foundation organized the CLIMAP...

20.11.2015

Representing Electrons : A Biographical Approach to Theoretical Entities
Both a history and a metahistory, "Representing Electrons" focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with...

22.04.2015

The Construction of Modern Science : Mechanisms and Mechanics
This introduction to the history of science in the seventeenth century examines the so-called 'scientific revolution' in terms of the interplay between two major themes. The Platonic-Pythagorean tradition looked on...

10.02.2016

Madame Wu Chien-shiung: The First Lady Of Physics Research
Narrating the well-lived life of the "Chinese Madame Curie" - a recipient of the first Wolf Prize in Physics (1978), the first woman to receive an honorary doctorate from Princeton University, as well as the first...

17.04.2014

Invisible
If you could be invisible, what would you do? The chances are that it would have something to do with power, wealth or sex. Perhaps all three. But there's no need to feel guilty. Impulses like these have always been at the...

31.08.2014

The Geek Atlas : 128 Places Where Science and Technology Come Alive
The history of science is all around us, if you know where to look. With this unique traveler's guide, you'll learn about 128 destinations around the world where discoveries in science, mathematics, or technology...

05.01.2012

The Physicists : The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America
This text provides an account of the coming of age of physics in America, portraying the scientists who became a powerful force in bringing the world into a revolutionary era. The book ranges widely as it links these...

08.10.2012

Que Se Yo del Universo : Todo Lo Que Necesitas Saber Acerca del Espacio
Desde las antiguas civilizaciones que hicieron mapas de los cielos a Star Trek, X-Files y Apolo 13, el espacio sideral ha intrigado a la gente por mucho tiempo. Sin embargo, la mayoria de nosotros miramos el cielo nocturno y...

03.04.2013

From So Simple a Beginning : Darwin's Four Great Books
Never before have the four great works of Charles Darwin-Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle (1845), The Origin of Species (1859), The Descent of Man (1871), and The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals (1872)-been collected under...

08.08.2014

Unveiling Galaxies : The Role of Images in Astronomical Discovery
Galaxies are known as the building blocks of the universe, but arriving at this understanding has been a thousand-year odyssey. This journey is told through the lens of the evolving use of images as investigative tools. Initial...

24.06.2016

Who Killed the Great Auk?
The Great Auk is one of the world's most famous extinct birds. It was undoubtedly a most curious creature: a flightless bird with tiny wings, it stood upright like a human, and sported an enormous beak. On land, the Great...

08.10.2016

Black Hole : How an Idea Abandoned by Newtonians, Hated by Einstein, and Gambled on by Hawking Became Loved
The contentious history of the idea of the black hole-the most fascinating and bizarre celestial object in the heavens For more than half a century, physicists and astronomers engaged in heated dispute over the possibility of...

22.04.2014

Precision Cosmology : The First Half Million Years
Cosmology seeks to characterise our Universe in terms of models based on well-understood and tested physics. Today we know our Universe with a precision that once would have been unthinkable. This book develops the entire...

18.09.2015

The Cold Wars : A History of Superconductivity
There is no temperature below absolute zero, and, in fact, zero itself is impossible to reach. The quest to reach it has lured scientists for several centuries revealing interesting and unexpected phenomena along the way. Atoms...

30.12.2016

The Great Auk, or Garefowl : Its History, Archaeology, and Remains
The great auk (Pinguinus impennis, formerly Alca impennis), a flightless bird of the north Atlantic, became extinct in the mid-1850s because of over-hunting - apart from being used as a food source and as fish-bait, its down was...

20.04.2013

Don't Know Much about the Universe : Everything You Need to Know about Outer Space But Never Learned
Who dug those canals on Mars? What was the biblical Star of Bethlehem? Were the pyramids built by extraterrestrials?From the ancients who charted the heavens to Star Trek, The X-Files, and Apollo 13, outer space has intrigued...

21.12.2011

Views of Nature : Or Contemplations on the Sublime Phenomena of Creation
Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) was an intellectual giant: an explorer who helped lay the foundations of biogeography, a naturalist who influenced Charles Darwin, and a botanist who developed a model of the Earth's...

10.08.2017

Desde la eternidad hasta hoy/ From eternity until today : En busca de la teorĂ­a definitiva del tiempo / The Quest for the Ultimate Theory of Time

24.10.2015

Evolutionary Restraints : The Contentious History of Group Selection
Much of the evolutionary debate since Darwin has focused on the level at which natural selection occurs. Most biologists acknowledge multiple levels of selection - from the gene to the species. The debate about group selection,...

09.06.2015

A Theory for Everything
"...heartily recommended as being as fine an example as one can hope to find of expository writing on science. The profiles of the giants of modern science, not to mention the wonderful accounts of earlier titans of...

29.04.2012

A Renaissance Globemaker's Toolbox : Johannes Schoner and the Revolution of Modern
This new volume, and its accompanying microsite, is the first scholarly publication and English translation of the Schoner Sammelband, a collection of maps and notes made by the Nuremberg astronomer and mathematician Johannes...

04.08.2013

From Dust to Life : The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System
The birth and evolution of our solar system is a tantalizing mystery that may one day provide answers to the question of human origins. This book tells the remarkable story of how the celestial objects that make up the solar...

28.01.2013

The Nature of the Physical World
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original...

06.03.2014

The Principle of Least Action : History and Physics
The principle of least action originates in the idea that, if nature has a purpose, it should follow a minimum or critical path. This simple principle, and its variants and generalizations, applies to optics, mechanics,...

04.06.2014